You may have noticed cables installed in the offices or homes that are providing internet access. These cables also do have a familiar name, optical fibers. In this post, we will gain knowledge on what are these optical fibers? What is their design? And for which purposes are they used?

What are X-rays? X-rays are a part of the Electromagnetic (EM) spectrum, which means that they are transverse waves having a certain wavelength and frequency and moving at the speed of light. In the EM spectrum, we have gamma rays, x-rays, ultraviolet rays, visible light, infrared waves, microwaves, and radio

The general meaning of the word “scattering” Scattering, in a general sense, relates to the change in the direction of an object in motion after it collides with another. Sometimes, the scattering also defines dispersing of objects when they encounter some obstacle. Interpretation of scattering in physics Similar to the

What is an achromatic aberration? A chromatic aberration is the inability of a lens to focus different wavelengths on a single focal point. This phenomenon happens because of the fact that the refractive index of a material depends on the wavelength. That is why materials are called dispersive, meaning their

Introduction to wave plates “Wave plate is an instrument (Optical device) that has the ability to change the state of light when light is incident on it.” These plates are made from different materials most common of which are birefringent material (plastic) Wave plates either half or quarter plates have

Crystals are categorized as both isotropic and anisotropic depending upon their optical behavior and whether or not their crystallographic axes are equivalent. All isotropic crystals have identical axes that similarly engage with light, irrespective of the crystal orientation with admire to incident light waves. Light getting into an isotropic crystal is refracted at a regular attitude and passes through the crystal at a fixed angle, having constant speed without being polarized with the aid of interaction with the electronic components of the crystalline lattice. On the other

Inroduction to refractive index calculator The refractive index describes the change in speed of light as it enters from air into the material under observation. Therefore, the refractive index is a material property and everything we see around in our daily lives is composed of different materials. All of the