The Gauss’s law is the extension of Faraday’s experiment as described in the previous section. Gauss’s Law Gauss provided a mathematical description of Faraday’s experiment of electric flux, which stated that electric flux passing through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed within that surface. A +Q coulombs

Vector Analysis Studying electromagnetic field theory needs the know-how of vector analysis and that is why it is discussed here. Vector analysis is a branch of mathematics that is used to solve vectors. Scalar and Vector Quantities A vector is a quantity that is described with both quantity and direction,